common medical terminologies

by leanneli0217
(108 terms)
term Description
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 磁共振成像
Benign 良性的
malignant 恶性的
anti-inflammatory 消炎性(药)
naproxen 萘普生
ibuprofen 布洛芬
body mass index (BMI) 体重指数
biopsy 活检
hypotension 低血压
Hypertension 高血压
Lesion 伤口,病变
Noninvasive 无创
Outpatient 门诊病人
inpatient 住院病人
In remission 缓解期
Membrane 薄膜
Acute 急性
Angina 心绞痛 Pain in the chest related to the heart that comes and goes
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) 胃食管反流病
heartburn 胃灼热
Cellulitis 蜂窝织炎
Epidermis 表皮
Neutrophils 中性粒细胞
Edema 浮肿
Embolism 栓塞
Sutures 缝合线
Polyp 息肉
Comminuted fracture 粉碎性骨折
Compound fracture 复合骨折   Broken bone that protrudes through the skin
Abscess 脓肿   A tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually due to infection.
Chronic 慢性
Contusion 挫伤   A bruise.
Defibrillator 除颤器,除颤仪   A medical device that uses electric shocks to restore normal heartbeat.
Prognosis 预测,预断
Relapse 复发
transplant 移植
Zoonotic disease 动物源性感染病
(ALS)Advanced life support 高级生命支持:包括气管插管,转复心率与保持血流动力学稳定,建立静脉通路与用药物维持呼吸循环。
Bl wk: Blood work 血液检查,验血
BP: Blood pressure 血压
CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺复苏术
DNR: Do not resuscitate 不要复苏
ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room 急诊室
EKG: Electrocardiogram 心电图
HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol 高密度脂蛋白胆固醇, 良性胆固醇
HR: Heart rate 心率
LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol 低密度脂蛋白胆固醇,恶性胆固醇
Lytes: Electrolytes 电解质
NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit 新生儿重症监护室
OR: Operating room 手术室
Pre-op: Preoperative 术前
Psych: Refers to psychiatry or the psychiatric 精神病学
PT: Physical therapy 物理治疗
Rx: Prescription 处方
Stat: Immediately 立即
Hospital Stretchers 医院担架
Neonatal care 新生儿护理
Trauma 创伤
Mortuary 太平间
Ophthalmology 眼科
intravenous poles 静脉输液架
patient monitors 病人监护仪
oxygen tanks 氧气罐
trauma stretchers 创伤担架床
hydraulic system 液压系统
arrhythmia 心律失常
electric shock 电击
automated external defibrillator (AED) 自动体外除颤器
implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) 植入式心脏复律除颤器
pacemaker 心率调节器,起搏器
pulses 脉冲
wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) 穿戴式心脏复律除颤器
Anesthesia Machines 麻醉机
anesthetic gases 麻醉气体
administer anesthesia 进行麻醉
nitrous oxide 一氧化二氮 (笑气)
isoflurane 异氟醚
ventilator 呼吸机
suction unit 抽吸装置
touch-screen 触屏
Sterilizers 消毒器
saturated steam 饱和蒸汽
radiographers 放射技师
electrodes 电极
Endoscopic 内窥镜
endoscopic ultrasound 超声内镜
external ultrasound 外部超音波
internal ultrasound 内部超音波
Electrosurgical units (ESU) 电子外科设备
Orthopedic 骨科
Gynecological 妇科
critical 危急的
Abrasion 磨损
Aneurysm 动脉瘤
Aortic dissection 主动脉剥离   A tear in the inner layer of the aorta
Bradycardia 心动过缓
Cyanosis 黄萎病
Thrombosis 血栓形成
Embolus 栓子,栓塞
Atrial fibrillation 心房颤动
Ischemia 缺血
Normal sinus rhythm 正常窦性心律
Tumor 肿瘤
Tension pneumothorax 张力性气胸、气胸
Pericardial effusion 心包膜积水
Myocardial infarction 心肌梗死
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) 中风、 脑血管意外
Sepsis 败血症