Electricity terms

by antma
(66 terms)
term Description
distribution lines Overhead or underground power lines that carry electricity through cities and neighborhoods to your home or business.
charge Electricity produced by a surplus or a shortage of electrons in an object.
fuse fjuːz  ασφάλεια // An electrical safety device consisting of a wire or strip of fusible metal that melts and interrupts the circuit when the current exceeds a preset amperage.
ground An electrical connection to the earth.
grid A power system's layout of its substations and power lines.
lightning A flash of light caused by an atmospheric electrical discharge between two clouds, or between a cloud and the earth.
lightning arrester A device used to protect an electrical component from over-voltage #
nucleus ˈnjuː.kli.əs // The center of an atom that contains both protons and neutrons. # 
solar energy ˈsəʊ.lər  ηλιακή // Energy produced by the sun’s light or heat
spike spaɪk / κορυφή, αιχμή, καρφί (π.χ. κιγκλιδώματος) || A short duration of increased voltage lasting only one-half of a cycle ˈsaɪ.k.l # 
substation An electrical facility where transformers lower high transmission voltages to be distributed to customers # 
visualize δημιουργώ εικόνα με το μυαλό μου, οπτικοποιώ # 
simulation προσομοίωση
socket πρίζα // An opening into which something fits, such as a light socket.
plug a small plastic or rubber object with2or3 metal pins,attached to the end of a wire on a piece of electrical equipment & pushed into a special opening in a wall to connect the equipment to a supply of electricity: # 
series  uk ˈsɪə.riːz // us ˈsɪr.iːz  ||  in series = σε σειρά
source sɔːrs   voltage source
parallel ˈpær.ə.lel  Two voltage sources are connected in parallel to a load. What will happen?
polarity πολικότητα, πόλωση # 
potentiometer pə.ten.ʃiˈɒm.ɪ.tər // 
rheostat ˈriː.ə.stæt // dimmer
tester electric screwdriver tester  # 
cross section διατομή  # 
constant σταθερά-ός, συνεχής, αδιάκοπος  # 
friction τριβή  # 
overcome υπερνικω, ξεπερνώ
load An electrical device or devices that use(s) electric power.
brownout ˈbraʊn.aʊt  πτώση τάσης // A temporary reduction of voltage supplied by the electric power distributor # 
surge  sɜːdʒ υπέρταση // A short duration of increased voltage.  # 
denote dɪˈnəʊt σημαίνω, δείχνω, δηλώνω // [y] We ~ the charge with the letter q. Charge is measured in the unit Coulomb and abbreviated with the letter C.  # 
abbreviate συμπτύσσω  # 
particle σωματίδιο # 
fluorescent flɔːˈres.nt  φθορίζων, που φωσφορίζει
electrocution iˌlek.trəˈkjuː.ʃən || ηλεκτροπληξία || the action of killing someone by causing electricity to flow through their body: The hairdryer poses an electrocution hazard if it is dropped in water.
electrocute iˈlek.trə.kjuːt || σκοτώνω με ηλεκτροπληξία || to kill someone by causing electricity to flow through their body: He was electrocuted when he touched the bare wires.
electrocuted που υπέστη ηλεκτροπληξία || Police found the dead body of an electrocuted man near the train track.
ferrule ˈfer.uːl || λωρίδα, δακτύλιος, Δ. ακροχιτώνιο || Α band (λωρίδα, δακτύλιος), usually made of metal, around something such as a stick or handle: 
knob στρογγυλό πόμολο, επιλογέας (διακόπτης), 
shaft ʃɑːft / λαβή, στειλιάρι, αχτίδα (φωτός), άξονας (π.χ. προπέλας), φρεάτιο, ρίξιμο (the shaft), άδική μεταχείριση, την φέρνω σε κπ / the shopkeeper had shafted him.
air shaft αεραγωγός / φωταγωγός : I thing you ought to keep the head under that air shaft (Hitch 7.57 1ο επεισοδ)
dilate daɪˈleɪt / διαστέλλω-ομαι || The pupils of the eyes dilate as darkness increases.
dilation διαστολή
contract vi kənˈtrækt / (shrink) συστέλλομαι || As it cooled, the metal contracted _ In spoken English, "do not" often contracts to "don't". || n.ˈkɒn.trækt συμβόλαιο / break the ~ _ write a ~ _ sign a contract
contraction συστολή
pin καρφίτσα, πείρος, πινέζα (push pin), ακροδέκτης / ακίδα || three pin plug = φις 3 ακίδων _ 
terminal ακροδέκτης #
screen σίτα, οθόνη, καλύπτω, ελέγχω διεξοδικά / περνάω από κόσκινο, Δ. προστασία / κάλυμμα, 
dissipate διαχέω, διώχνω, 
drop πτώση, πέφτω, αφήνω κτ να πέσει, σταγόνα
component εξάρτημα, δομικό στοιχείο
field coil
rotor windings
capacitance χωρητικότητα || The ability of a component to store an electrical charge. #
capacitor kəˈpæsɪtə  πυκνωτής
conductor A substance or material that allows electrons, or electrical current, to flow through it.
resistor αντιστάτης, αντίσταση
insulator Any material that will not allow electricity to easily flow through. #
resonating frequency συχνότητα συντονισμού
impedance σύνθετη αντίσταση
inductance επαγωγή, αυτεπαγωγή
inductor Δ. πηνίο  It consists of a wire or loop or coil. The ability of the coil which opposes the change in flow of current is a property of that coil, called inductance.